The software is a set of instructions and programs that tell a computer what to do. It is independent of hardware and makes computers programmable. There are three basic types;
- System software that provides basic functions such as operating systems, disk management, utilities, hardware management and other operational needs.
- Programming software that provides tools for programmers, such as text editors, compilers, linkers, debuggers, and other tools to generate code.
- Application software to help users perform tasks.
- Embedded software used to control machines and devices that are typically not considered computers.
Software development is crucial to help businesses differentiate themselves and become more competitive. It can improve customer experience, launch more innovative, feature-rich products to the market faster, and make operations more efficient, safe and productive.
Using software development as a way to differentiate brands and gain competitive advantage requires competence with techniques and technologies that can accelerate software distribution, quality and effectiveness.
Artificial Intelligence (AI): Artificial intelligence enables the software to make decisions and imitate like a human. Neural networks, machine learning, natural language processing, and cognitive abilities offer developers and businesses the opportunity to offer products and services that disrupt market places and jump ahead of the competition.
Cloud Local Development: Cloud local development is a way to build applications to take advantage of cloud environments. A cloud-specific application consists of separate, reusable components known as microservices designed to integrate into any cloud environment. These microservices act as building blocks and are usually packaged in containers. Because of this architecture, cloud-based applications can use cloud environments to increase application performance, flexibility, and extensibility.
Cloud-Based Development: IT organizations are turning to the cloud to improve resource management and reduce costs, and to the cloud for software development organizations. In this way, the cloud can be used as a fast, flexible and cost-effective integrated development environment (IDE) or as a Service Development Platform (PaaS). Cloud-based development environments can support coding, design, integration, testing and other development functions. They can also offer access to APIs, microservices, DevOps and other development tools, services and expertise.
Blockchain: It is a secure, digitally linked system that eliminates the cost and security gap brought by parties such as banks, regulators and other intermediaries. It transforms businesses by releasing capital, speeding up processes, reducing transaction costs, and more. Blockchain offers a tremendous opportunity for software development. Developers work with open source Hyperledger technology to change the way businesses work
Low Code: It is a development application that reduces the need for coding and helps non-coders or developers to develop or create applications quickly and at low cost.
Analytical: Data is critical for companies to gain value. Accordingly, software developers integrate their advanced analytical capabilities into their applications. Cloud-based services and APIs make it easy to direct data discovery, automate predictive analytics, and create dashboards that provide new insights and improve decision making.
Mobile Software: Today, customer purchasing behavior takes place in most mobile environments. An important feature for software developers is creating mobile applications with deep links to data that enrich and enhance user experiences.